WHAT IS A PSYCHIATRIC TECHNICIAN?
Psychiatric Technicians are mental health
employees who provide hands-on care to people with
varying degrees of mental illnesses and/or developmental
disabilities. They perform a vital, front-line function in
all healthcare settings as they observe, treat and interact
with patients -- often more than any other staff.
They carry out doctors’ orders, serving as the
eyes, ears and hands of the diagnosing professional. They report back on how the treatment is working or any
unusual symptoms that need professional attention.
At the entry level, they help patients with personal
grooming and other activities of daily living. They also
help conduct educational, recreational and therapeutic
activities. Often the level is called Psychiatric Aide.
At a higher level, Psychiatric Technicians have
more formal training than aides. They take part in both
the planning and implementing of patient treatment plans. They may be responsible for admitting and interviewing
patients, record-keeping, administering medications or
assisting in it, and conducting therapy sessions.
At all levels, Psychiatric Technicians need good
observation skills. Important personal characteristics
include a stable personality, ability to work well with people and a true motivation to help others.
SKILLS AND DUTIES
Depending on the needs and preferences of the employer, Psychiatric Technicians perform duties -- or assist in their performance -- in one or more of the following areas:
- Basic nursing
- Medication administration
- Patient assessment
- Therapeutic activities
- Treatment plan development
- Addictive disorders
- Treatment plan implementation
- Group process
- Treatment evaluation
- Patient / family education
- Geriatric care
FEDERAL OCCUPATIONAL DESCRIPTION
Following is the way the job of Psychiatric Technician is described in the federal government’s Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. This system replaces the federal Dictionary of Occupational Titles. SOC data is available through the user-friendly Occupational Information Network (O*NET) at http://online.onetcenter.org
SOC Code Number 29.2053
Cares for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. Monitors patients’ physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene and administer oral medications and hypodermic injections.
- Helps patients with their personal hygiene, such as bathing and keeping beds, clothing and living areas clean.
- Administers oral medications and hypodermic injections, following physician’s prescriptions and hospital procedures.
- Takes and records measures of patient’s general physical condition, such as pulse, temperature, and respiration, to provide daily information.
- Observes patients to detect behavior patterns and reports observations to medical staff.
- Issues medications from dispensary and maintains records in accordance with specified procedures.
- Leads prescribed individual or group therapy sessions as part of specific therapeutic procedures.
- Intervenes to restrain violent or potentially violent or suicidal patients by verbal or physical means as required.
- Contacts patient’s relatives by telephone to arrange family conferences.
- Completes initial admittance forms for new patients
Psychiatric Technicians work in a wide variety of environments, including the following:
- Residential treatment programs
- Psychiatric treatment facilities
- General hospital acute psych units
- Institutes for mental disease
- Psychiatric emergency teams
- State developmental centers
- Long-term care facilities
- Substance abuse programs
- Home health care
- State hospitals
- State prisons
- Intermediate care facilities
- Armed forces psychiatric facilities
- Psychiatric health facilities
- County jails
- Social rehabilitation facilities
- Adult residential facilities
- Secured geriatric facilities
- Day treatment programs
- Outpatient mental health clinics
- Psychiatric assessment centers
- Psychiatric crisis units
- Child/Youth psychiatric programs
- Mobile psychiatric emergency teams
- Special school programs
- Residential care homes
- Partial hospitalization programs
INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM STATUS
The more highly trained Psychiatric Technicians are often considered “paraprofessionals” while others are described by such terms as “entry-level” staff. Both descriptions contract with the “professional” status of other interdisciplinary team members such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and registered nurses -- as well as licensed Psychiatric Technicians in those states that license them.
But regardless of status, Psychiatric Technicians work side-by-side with professionals as recognized, valuable members of the ID team.
Psychiatric Technicians generally work a 40-hour week. Because patients/clients need care 24 hours a day, scheduled work hours may include nights, weekends and holidays. They spend most of their time on their feet. They are sometimes confronted with violent patients who must be restrained. This may be emotionally draining, but they may also gain satisfaction from assisting those in need.
Additional training is required for significant advancement. Some become licensed Psychiatric Technicians in states that license them. Others become practical nurses or registered nurses. And many pursue college degrees in nursing, special education, social work, psychology, sociology
or related fields.